Plant-animal interactions in Mediterranean-type ecosystems

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The role of ecological interactions in recovering self-regulating and diverse Mediterranean ecosystems: is rewilding an option? Despite promising, these are novel approaches still lacking a solid empirical body of evidence. The aim of this symposium is to bring attention to Mediterranean ecologist on the theoretical framework of Trophic and Passive Rewilding, discuss about its adequacy and applicability, and put the focus on how ecological interactions may be both the driver and the target of rewilded, diverse and functioning ecosystems.

Thus being a novel and exciting topic for the scientific community, mostly overlooked in Mediterranean ecosystems. Thus, bringing the rewilding framework into the Mediterranean research agenda is novel, relevant and timely.

Plant-Animal Interactions in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Origin of the Mediterranean Climate. Conveners: Jon E. Keeley U. Historically the mediterranean climate has thought to be of relatively recent origin dating no more than Ma. Evidence from a variety of sources suggests the climate is significantly older than this and the question will be addressed for the five mediterranean-climate regions in this symposium. Mediterranean High Mountain habitats: challenges for research and a global conservation concern.

Mediterranean mountains are an exceptional evolutive playground. They are completely different of other mountains simply because together with the well described coldness stress experimented along altitude gradient; these mountains face also a second stress gradient: drought. Furthermore these gradients have opposite directions which impose a very limiting scenario for plant life.

Surprising the diversity values are really high and the number of threatened plants is extraordinarily high with many narrow endemics. To know if these communities share patterns and mechanisms among very distant regions and the conservation problems these plants face seems a priority. Seed dispersal and frugivory in changing Mediterranean landscapes. We are in a changing world where habitat loss, accelerated fragmentation, defaunation, climate change and biological invasions are increasingly becoming important ecological and evolutionary drivers that modify essential ecosystem processes and ecological interactions.

CURRENT MAJOR RESEARCH THEMES IN MTEs

Seed dispersal is a crucial process, usually involving astonishing species interactions, that allows plants to move and colonize new areas, with important implications for the demographic and genetic structure of plant populations. Seed dispersal has multiple consequences for the ecology and evolution of plants and it plays a major role in the origin and maintenance of species diversity. Here we aim to analyze the origin and effects of seed dispersal disruptions in a changing world, with a particular focus on plant-animal interactions under different human-driven scenarios.

Ecoinformatics: data science brings new avenues for ecology. Open access databases, open programming and advanced statistical methods are boosting the ability to solve complex long-standing questions in ecology. This symposium will join together data scientists, scientific programmers and theoretical ecologists in order to show their latest works and reserarch, and discuss current problems and future needs in the field of Ecoinformatics.

Our main goal are: 1 promote open science data, analysis and results , 2 learn about the experiences of other researches, 3 discuss oru current needs and the future avenues of this field. Attendees will benefit from cutting edge talks and open discussion. Plant Invasions in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems. Plant invasions are a common feature of Mediterranean-type ecosystems around the world, and introduced plants have had major impacts on MTE plant communities.

The invitation to be a part of a special symposium will help attract invasion ecologists of the highest-caliber to the conference. By making it intentionally broad in scope, we envisage this symposium as a nexus of discussion and new cross-continental collaborations on plant invasions. By accessing or using our Site, you are agreeing to our Privacy policy and Use of cookies. Seville, the Venue. Host, University of Seville.

Invited Lectures. Scientific program: Sessions and Symposia. Mentoring program. Field Trips. Organizing Committee. Scientific Committee. The meeting in images. Across-kingdom mutualistic interactions of Mediterranean endemic plants: are they ecologically distinctive? The plant-soil interface accounts for a major flux of energy and matter of terrestrial ecosystems, and the strength and direction of the interactions of plants with their soil environment, including both the physical-chemical matrix and the edaphic biota, define in a great extent the functioning of ecosystems and their resilience to environmental perturbations.

At a global level the challenges and problems of the Mediterranean environmental zone do not receive the attention that literature clearly indicates are required to ensure human wellbeing and biodiversity for the future. For instance, in reports from IPBES and the CBD, biodiversity and ecosystem services data and knowledge on Mediterranean challenges are largely missing from scientific assessments and reports.

The working group develops ways to create more visibility for Mediterranean challenges and trends in biodiversity and ecosystem services.

We do this by organizing meetings bringing together scientists working on Mediterranean challenges and trends in biodiversity and ecosystem services in cross case studies and publications. Current topics of cross case studies assessments include: the quantification of trends in the supply of the same ecosystem service in different ecosystems; trade-offs resulting from human interventions; application of the same assessment tools in multiple case studies. A thorough understanding of global changes requires knowledge that lies at the intersection between ecology and evolution. Major causes of these changes are human-induced ecosystem disturbances, which are becoming ubiquitous.

Such disturbances can cause changes in both species abundances and functional traits, and rapid evolutionary responses in these traits caused by environmental disturbances have been widely documented. These evolutionary responses produce changes in gene frequencies that can in turn affect ecological dynamics in what we know as eco-evolutionary feedback loops. Explicitly establishing these loops in the research on global change can greatly improve our predictions on how anthropogenic actions will affect the resilience and functioning of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems.

To this end, we need a body of integrative research combining knowledge of genes, traits, ecological networks and ecosystem dynamics. In this symposium we aim at bringing together a very diverse array of researchers in ecology and evolution, covering modelling, experimental evolution, ecological networks as well as applied approaches, such as Food Web Engineering, an emerging eco-evolutionary tool aimed at reducing uncertainty in biological pest control practices under future scenarios of global change.

Attendees will have the chance to learn the state of the art in eco-evolutionary dynamics as applied to global change.

CURRENT MAJOR RESEARCH THEMES IN MTEs

Current rates of biodiversity loss by global change drivers is worrying ample sector of the society due to the negative consequences that impoverished ecological communities have on producing multiple ecosystems functions and services critical to human welfare. To recover ecosystem multifunctionality there is a general consensus that biodiversity must be resorted, yet the insurance of biodiversity benefits lies on obtaining a deeper understanding on how the sign of these species interactions negative versus positive and the trophic level considered within trophic level versus between trophic level control many of these ecological services.

This symposium aims to bring recent work from different research areas in ecology to get a deeper understanding on how species interactions across trophic levels modulate a wide range of ecosystem functions including net primary productivity, food production, carbon sequestration and nutrient dynamics.

Lands of Two Seasons: The World's Mediterranean-Climate Ecosystems

Obtaining such understanding is important to obtain a more multidimensional picture of the linkages between species interactions and ecosystem functioning. We aim to draw the attention of ecologists working on different research areas that they do not normally speak to each other but have similar interests of research: How species interaction determines biodiversity and community composition, and how these community properties relate to ecosystem functioning and service provisioning. To be annouced. Endemic plant species largely contribute to the high plant species diversity characteristic of Mediterranean-type ecosystems.

Mutualistic interactions with pollinators, seed dispersal agents, floral nectar yeasts, root mycorrhiza, endophytes… are essential for individual reproductive success and plant population dynamics and, thus, may largely contribute to phenotypic adaptation and species radiation. By assembling information on different species and geographic locations we will deepen our current understanding regarding which are the plant traits, population and community features, environmental factors and ecological process that contribute most to shape these across-kingdom interactions and which might be the consequences e.

Such information should be valuable also to improve conservation strategies of these geographically restricted species that largely characterize harsh environments including many Mediterranean-type ecosystems. A vast amount of research has been devoted to analyze the role of fire in mediterranean-type ecosystems as a key natural process in the evolution of plant traits, plant biodiversity and plant community assemblages. Comparatively, the role of fire in driving ecological and biodiversity patterns in animals has received much less attention.

Even more, the study of plant—animal—fire interactions remains little explored under an evolutionary framework. In this symposium, we will bring together new research and ideas on plant trait evolution by fire in interaction with different kinds of animal pressures e. Studies on fire as evolutionary force shaping animal trait evolution are also welcome.

Review ARTICLE

Daniel A. Mapping the distribution and extent of Quercus suber habitats in Sardinia : a literature review and a proposed methodology Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis , Marco Careddu.

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Plant-Animal Interactions in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems v. 31

Rundel , Gloria Montenegro , Fabian M. References Publications referenced by this paper. A comparison. De Ridder , K.

American Journal of Botany

Arianoutsou , R. The two most important defoliators of Larrea at Rock Valley were the orthopteran Bootettix argentatus. Ecology of Cenchrus grass complex: environmental conditions and population differences in western India. Shiva Pandeya , Helmut Lieth. Lohmann eds. Masoom eds. Lieth , AA Al. The evolution of flower.

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